HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.

3rd Edition of Global Conference on Surgery and Anesthesia

September 14-15, 2022 | Hybrid Event

September 14 -15, 2022 | Paris, France
GCSA 2021

Initial experience with simulated robot assisted organ model surgery using novel 3D printing technology in Australia

Jade El Mohamed, Speaker at  Surgery Congress
Australian Medical Robotics Academy, Australia
Title : Initial experience with simulated robot assisted organ model surgery using novel 3D printing technology in Australia


Introduction and Objectives

Robotic surgery procedure numbers are growing rapidly in Australia. Few Australian trainees have access to robotic systems. Surgical skills simulators have bridged some gaps in training. In their current state (mostly virtual reality) they fall short of offering realistic operative experience.

Material and Methods

Robot assisted radical prostatectomy and retroperitoneal lymph node dissection procedures were performed by two Australian urologists and a urology trainee on 3D printed hydrogel organ models with realistic tissue consistency fabricated by the University of Rochester Simulation Innovation Laboratory. Post-simulation questionnaires were completed by the surgeons. Questionnaire results formed a preliminary face and content validity study for the simulated robotic radical prostatectomy models.


Surgeons reported the models to be realistic, enabling simulation of critical steps in a robotic radical prostatectomy. Expert surgeons agreed the models were a valuable training tool. Successful performance of a simulated procedure would make them feel more comfortable giving a registrar more autonomy in live surgery training. The 3D printed prostate model in this pilot study demonstrated the evolution of 3D printing technology in surgery. These models included clinically relevant objective metrics of surgical simulation. Blood loss, nerve traction, positive margins and anastomosis integrity was recorded.


Our early experiences have encouraged us to include 3D printed hydrogel procedural models in a comprehensive robotic surgical curriculum that does not include animal or cadaver models. Models could be used to develop a simulation-based robotic surgery curriculum that vitally improves operative outcomes and reduces surgical complication rates by better training.


Dr. Jade El-Mohamed completed her medical degree at the University of Notre Dame, Sydney, Australia in 2016 achieving academic and social justice commendation. She subsequently completed a Diploma of Surgical Anatomy with the University of Melbourne and a Masters of Surgery with the University of Sydney. She is currently working clinically as a general surgical registrar with St Vincent’s Health Australia, as an anatomy demonstrator with the University of Melbourne Medical School and has recently joined the faculty at the Australian Medical Robotics Academy in Melbourne.