Background/Aim: Orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) remains the gold standard for patients with acute liver failure, end-stage liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma, and metabolic diseases. As a result of made strides in the domains of surgical and anesthesia techniques, knowledge of immunology, and management of complications, survival rates are really elevated. Early post-operatively, all OLT patients need intensive care unit (ICU) treatment. Our purpose is to present our experience in the early postoperative complications that occurred in OLT patients admitted to ICU.
Materials and Methods: 32 patients from the Liver Transplantation Unit of Laiko General Hospital of Athens, during the period 2006-2009.
Results: The complications included surgical complications, infections, primary graft dysfunction, neurological complications, graft rejection, gastrointestinal complications, kidney complications, and cardiovascular events. Conclusions: Due to complications ICU management is very important. However, infectious complications remain the main cause of mortality.